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Gum bleeding and how to treat it

Gum bleeding is another of the most common dental conditions. A small and very sporadic bleeding should not be a reason to worry, although if it occurs frequently or in excessive amounts it is recommended to make an appointment.

Causes of bleeding gums:

There are several reasons why your gums might bleed, although not all of them are equally concerning.

a) Gingivitis and periodontitis:

In some cases, bleeding gums can be a sign of periodontitis or gingivitis (the early stage of periodontal disease). If your gums bleed easily when you brush, talk to your dentist about your oral health. Gingivitis is reversible and preventable.


b) Dental hygiene:

If you have started flossing your gums may bleed at first. This usually goes away on its own in about a week. They can also bleed a bit when brushing, especially if you brush harder than recommended and with an excessively hard brush.


c) Pregnancy:

Some pregnant women develop a condition known as "gestational gingivitis," an inflammation of the gums due to hormonal changes that can cause swelling, tenderness, and even bleeding gums.

d) Anticoagulants:

If you take blood thinners, these medications can make your gums bleed. Contact your doctor if the bleeding does not stop quickly.


My gums are bleeding, what can I do?

Once the different causes of gum bleeding have been diagnosed, it is logical to think that the treatment of this problem will depend on the reason that is causing it.

  1. If the gums bleed due to gingivitis or periodontitis, is it recommended to visit the dentist, who will perform a specific treatment for each stage of periodontal disease. This procedure will generally involve performing scaling and root planing, a specific  treatment for patients with this symptomatology.

  2. If dental hygiene is the cause of gum bleeding, you should try to brush your teeth softer and improve your technique. If the reason is that you have recently started flossing, then it will take a few days for the gum to get used to it. In case the problem persists, it is recommended to visit the dentist as soon as possible.

  1. If the use of anticoagulant medications is leading to excessive gum bleeding, it should be discussed with your doctor to find an alternative.

  1. To avoid or control gum bleeding during pregnancy, it is suggested to take special care of dental hygiene during this period and visit the dentist more frequently.


These are some of the most common causes and treatments for bleeding gums. As we said, mild and sporadic bleeding should not worry you, but if your gums bleed excessively it is important that you visit your dentist, it could be a sign of a more serious problem.

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