What are dental implants?
Dental implants are cylindrical titanium attachments that are specially treated to ensure they attach to the bone. They are bio-compatible surgical prostheses whose main function is to create "artificial roots" where teeth are missing, which are then used to attach fixed dental prostheses. Dental implants allow us to chew in complete comfort, smile and talk with the same confidence as with our own teeth.
Dental implants comprise the following parts:
- Body: Part of the implant designed to be introduced into the bone to anchor the prosthetic components. Generally it is screw shaped, although other types exist.
- Cover screw: After inserting the body of the implant in the bone in the first surgical stage, a cover is attached over the crest module to prevent tissue from growing inside the thread found in this module or upper part.
- Healing abutment: after the screw has become integrated into the bone, a second surgical stage involves unscrewing and removing the covering screw and screwing in the healing abutment, which prolongs the body of the implant into the soft tissue, allowing the gingival mucosa to connect with the crest module and seal the gum.
- Prosthetic connection: there are different types of prosthetic connection, such as the external hexagon connection, internal hexagon connection, Morse Taper connection, or friction connection.
A wide variety of dental implants are available on the market, at very different prices. It is important to use high quality dental implants whose quality is attested by long-term scientific studies.